They increase productivity and are great for prototyping and building sites rapidly. Moreover, they offer bonuses like cross-browser compatibility and ready-to-go CSS components.

Essentially, using a front-end framework means that you don’t have to start from scratch every time you build a new website and/or web application.

Front-end frameworks, which can also be referred to as CSS frameworks, are usually composed of a set of files: notably HTML, CSS, and JavaScript (JS) documents.

While there are many front-end frameworks, two of the most common are Bootstrap and Foundation. Although they share many similarities, there are some key differences as well.

In this article, I’ll explore which framework is best for you, given your style, preferences, and goals.

What Is Its Purpose?

A CSS Framework means to provide an ease in the process of web designing.  This speeds up the entire process of prototyping and building a website.

  • Provides a standard set of “easy to use” classes.
  • Typography style definitions.
  • Creation of grids.
  • Bring responsiveness and cross-browser compatibility to you.
  • Best suited for prototyping and building sites rapidly.

Bootstrap

The most widely used CSS framework using HTML, JS scripts designed by Mark Toto and Jacob Thornton. The earliest of its aim was to design responsive websites with Bootstrap Builder. It has a plethora of features that make the process easy and quick. As they proudly claim, this is made for “folks of all skill levels, devices of all shapes, and projects of all sizes”.

Pros:

  • Superiority in mobile support.
  • Widest variety of templates.
  • Possess fluid as well as fixed patterns in its grid system.
  • Immense possibilities of its development as a tool in comparison to Foundation.
  • Most of the celebrated custom web development companies prefer this tool.

Cons:

  • Codes are not that light weighted.

Some Of The Popular Brands Using Bootstrap

  • Lyft
  • Vogue
  • Riot Design
  • Newsweek

Foundation

It is a front-end CSS framework amazingly designed by ZURB in September 2011. It has a fairly advanced interface in terms of its creativity. Holds compatibility with multiple devices. This responsive framework helps in developing and designing beautiful websites. It is used for buildings products and services as well.

Pros:

  • Offers finest of the customization abilities.
  • Possess a robust grid system.
  • Supports a rapid development of projects.
  • Contains set of templates and readily available codes.
  • Offers services for sites as well as emails.

Cons:

  • A tad bit complexity in customization.
  • Modification of codes is tough for beginners.
  • Less popular in comparison to Bootstrap.

 

Some of the popular brands using Foundation

  • Adobe
  • Amazon
  • Ebay
  • Pixar

Similarities between Bootstrap and Foundation

1. Open source
Both frameworks operate under the MIT license, meaning they are free to use and adapt upon.

2. Responsive, or “mobile first”
A responsive site essentially means that the given website or web app can work seamlessly across screen sizes—mobile, tablet, and desktop.

Both of these frameworks come out of the box as responsive, so you won’t have to put in the extra work.

3. 12-column grid system
When it comes to frameworks, a grid system is what gives you the power to lay out your website or app.

Both frameworks have:

  • Rows and columns
  • Ability to nest columns in rows, and vice versa

Bootstrap Grid Example

Foundation Grid Example

4. Stylized CSS components
Bootstrap and Foundation both come with pre-styled, ready-to-go components.

A few of these include:

  • Navigation bar
  • Buttons
  • Pagination
  • Labels
  • Progress bar
  • And more

5. Optional JavaScript extensions
These easy-to-implement JS plugins make it easy to add certain kinds of more advanced front-end features—like affixed sidebars or pop-up modals.

At the time of writing, Bootstrap has 12 JS plugins, whereas Foundation has 15.

Why Is Foundation Not As Popular As Bootstrap?

Foundation, as a product of Zurb, focusses on two aspects; providing responsive frameworks for sites and emails. Whereas, Bootstrap had been into Framework designing only and just recently expanded with providing themes. This is again an extension in the same direction. And, it further highlights that Foundation’s efforts were somewhat divergent, unlike Bootstrap. This provides an edge to Bootstrap over Foundation in the Bootstrap vs Foundation combat.

Bootstrap also gets publicity endorsement through Twitter since it was to work exclusively for Twitter. Foundation, on the other hand, remains more of a trade secret. And for novice developers, Bootstrap seems like a piece of cake in front of Foundation. These can be some of the possible reasons behind Bootstrap having a more popular consumer base.

Below is a graphic representation of the both the searches. It is quite evident that both Bootstrap framework and Foundation framework searches are in the zigzag pattern. They are regularly increasing and decreasing, following the same trend. But, bootstrap has double searches meaning double popularity. This affirms its mass hold in the frameworks realm. Thus, helping us with a lot more insight to the issue: Bootstrap vs Foundation.

 

These two front end frameworks are loaded with latest features. They dominate the web designing market. There are several other Bootstrap alternatives available which can also be tried out. Some of them are mentioned below;

 

Bootstrap Alternatives

It is a development framework. It is responsible for creating exquisite and responsive layouts using friendly HTML codes.

This is a material design software which is customizable in nature. This tool has a potential to look good on every device.

It is a lightweight, modular, front-end framework. It offers in developing powerful and robust web interfaces.

It is a component library for developers, designers, and product managers. It is based on Vue 2.0 which does not require Jquery.

This is a front-end template that helps in building fast and modern mobile web apps.

This is a framework apt for newbies in the programming field. It is one of the slimmest CSS frameworks available.

This framework provides great technical support. It is also seemingly compatible with all of the major web browsers.

This is one of the most recent CSS web frameworks. This is an open source CSS library using LESS as their preprocessor.

This is one of the most talked-about UI frameworks. It has a modular approach to CSS. This has many libraries of different elements like forms, grids, tables etc.

It is an open source, minimalist UI framework which runs on SASS. It is a simple CSS front end framework with really simplified library and a low learning curve.

With so many front-end frameworks available, there is a reason why Bootstrap and Foundation rule the web ecosystem.